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Deadly weapon

A deadly weapon, sometimes dangerous weapon or lethal weapon, is an item that can inflict mortal or great bodily harm. By statutory definition, certain items, especially firearms, are designated "deadly weapons per se ", meaning they are regarded ...

Death threat

A death threat is a threat, often made anonymously, by one person or a group of people to kill another person or group of people. These threats are often designed to intimidate victims in order to manipulate their behaviour, and thus a death thre ...

Defamation

Defamation is the oral or written communication of a false statement about another that unjustly harms their reputation and usually constitutes a tort or crime. In several countries, including South Korea and Sweden, as well as the U.S. state of ...

Democide

Democide is a term proposed by R. J. Rummel since at least 1994 who defined it as "the intentional killing of an unarmed or disarmed person by government agents acting in their authoritative capacity and pursuant to government policy or high comm ...

Desertion

In the military, desertion is the abandonment of a duty or post without permission and is done with the intention of not returning. This contrasts with unauthorized absence or absence without leave, which are temporary forms of absence.

Disorderly conduct

Disorderly conduct is a crime in most jurisdictions in the United States, China, and Taiwan. Typically, "disorderly conduct" makes it a crime to be drunk in public, to "disturb the peace", or to loiter in certain areas. Many types of unruly condu ...

Disposal of a corpse with intent to obstruct or prevent a coroner's inquest

Disposal of a corpse with intent to obstruct or prevent a coroners inquest is an offence under the common law of England and Wales. The offence is currently very rarely charged. As a common law offence, it is tried on indictment and can be punish ...

Domestic violence

Domestic violence is violence or other abuse in a domestic setting, such as in marriage or cohabitation. Domestic violence may be used as a synonym for intimate partner violence, which is committed by a spouse or partner in an intimate relationsh ...

Domestic violence against men

Domestic violence against men deals with domestic violence experienced by men or boys in a domestic setting, such as in marriage or cohabitation. As with domestic violence against women, violence against men may constitute a crime, but laws vary ...

Driving under the influence

Driving under the influence is the crime or offense of driving or operating a motor vehicle while impaired by alcohol or other drugs, to a level that renders the driver incapable of operating a motor vehicle safely.

Drunk drivers

People driving under the influence of alcohol are referred to as drunk drivers or drink-drivers. In the U.S, 17.000 people die in alcohol-related motor vehicle accidents each year. A small increase in the blood alcohol content increases the relat ...

Embezzlement

Embezzlement is the act of withholding assets for the purpose of conversion of such assets, by one or more persons to whom the assets were entrusted, either to be held or to be used for specific purposes. Embezzlement is a type of financial fraud ...

Embracery

Embracery is the attempt to influence a juror corruptly to give his or her verdict in favour of one side or the other in a trial, by promise, persuasions, entreaties, money, entertainments and the like.

Illegal emigration

Illegal emigration is departure from a country in violation of emigration laws. Such a person may legally go abroad and refuse to return when demanded by the country of origin. Special cases are when one flees a country as a refugee escaping pers ...

Employment fraud

Employment fraud is an attempt to defraud people who are seeking employment by giving them false hope of better employment, often with more favorable hours, better job duties, or higher wages.They often advertise at the same locations as genuine ...

Endangerment

Endangerment is a type of crime involving conduct that is wrongful and reckless or wanton, and likely to produce death or grievous bodily harm to another person. There are several kinds of endangerment, each of which is a criminal act that can be ...

Evasion of liability by deception

This offence was created by the Theft Act 1978. The law clarified existing law to explicitly make it a crime to, by deception, induce a creditor to remit a liability i.e., a debt in whole or part; induce the creditor to wait for payment or to for ...

Extortion

Extortion is obtaining benefit through coercion. In most jurisdictions it is likely to constitute a criminal offense; the bulk of this article deals with such cases. Robbery is a simplest form of extortion. Extortion is sometimes called the "prot ...

Failure to appear

In law, failure to appear consists of a defendant or respondent failing to appear at the stated time before a tribunal as directed in a summons. Where the conduct alleged in the summons or complaint is an infraction or summary offence, failure to ...

Failure to obey a police order

In Canada, the Criminal Code makes it illegal for a motor vehicle driver to disobey an order to stop for a police officer. This includes flight from a peace officer. Such a charge, other than those involving death or bodily harm, can be prosecute ...

False accounting

This offence is created by section 17 of the Theft Act 1968 which provides: 1 Where a person dishonestly, with a view to gain for himself or another or with intent to cause loss to another, - a destroys, defaces, conceals or falsifies any account ...

False pretenses

The elements of false pretenses are: 1 a false representation 2 of a material past or existing fact 3 which the person making the representation knows is false 4 made for the purpose of causing 5 and which does cause 6 the victim to pass title 7 ...

Fear or provocation of violence

Fear or provocation of violence is a statutory offence in England and Wales created under the Public Order Act 1986. The offence is created by section 4 of the Public Order Act 1986: 1 A person is guilty of an offence if he - a uses towards anoth ...

Felony

The term felony originated from English common law, to describe an offense that resulted in the confiscation of a convicted persons land and goods, to which additional punishments including capital punishment could be added. Other crimes were cal ...

Fence (criminal)

A fence, also known as a receiver, mover, or moving man, is an individual who knowingly buys stolen goods in order to later resell them for profit. The fence acts as a middleman between thieves and the eventual buyers of stolen goods who may not ...

Fetal abduction

Fetal abduction refers to the rare crime of child abduction by kidnapping of an at term pregnant mother and extraction of her fetus through a crude cesarean section. Dr. Michael H. Stone and Dr. Gary Brucato have alternatively referred to this cr ...

Forced disappearance

In international human rights law, a forced disappearance occurs when a person is secretly abducted or imprisoned by a state or political organization, or by a third party with the authorization, support, or acquiescence of a state or political o ...

Forcible entry

Forcible entry is "the unlawful taking of possession of real property by force or threats of force or unlawful entry into or onto anothers property, especially when accompanied by force". The term is also sometimes used for entry by military, pol ...

Fraud

In law, fraud is intentional deception to secure unfair or unlawful gain, or to deprive a victim of a legal right. Fraud can violate civil law, a criminal law, or it may cause no loss of money, property or legal right but still be an element of a ...

Genocide definitions

This is a list of scholarly and international legal definitions of genocide, a word coined with genos and an English suffix -cide by Raphael Lemkin in 1944. The precise etymology of the word however, is a compound of the ancient Greek word γένος ...

Ghosting (identity theft)

Ghosting is a form of identity theft in which someone steals the identity, and sometimes even the role within society, of a specific dead person who is not widely known to be deceased. Usually, the person who steals this identity is roughly the s ...

Frederick Hahneman

Frederick William Hahneman was a Honduras-born US citizen convicted of hijacking Eastern Airlines Flight 175 from Allentown, Pennsylvania to Miami, Florida, on May 5, 1972. Hahneman parachuted from the plane over his native Honduras after extorti ...

Hair theft

Hair theft has been a recurrent problem in various parts of the world where human hair is in demand either for commercial products such as wigs and hairpieces, for sexual fetishes. As hair has a high commercial value – in the mid-19th century it ...

Happy slapping

Happy slapping was a fad originating in the United Kingdom around 2005, in which one or more people out of boredom attack a victim for the purpose of recording the assault. Though the term usually refers to relatively minor acts of violence such ...

Hazing

Hazing, initiation ceremonies, bastardisation, ragging, or deposition, refers to the practice of rituals, challenges, and other activities involving harassment, abuse or humiliation used as a way of initiating a person into a group including a ne ...

Homicide

Homicide is the act of one human killing another. A homicide requires only a volitional act by another person that results in death, and thus a homicide may result from accidental, reckless, or negligent acts even if there is no intent to cause h ...

Hot prowl burglary

A hot prowl burglary is a sub-type of burglary in which an offender unlawfully breaks and enters into a building or residence while the occupants are inside. The overarching intent of a hot prowl burglary can be theft, robbery, sexual assault, mu ...

Identity cleansing

Identity cleansing is defined as "confiscation of personal identification, passports, and other such documents in order to make it difficult or impossible for those driven out to return".

Illegal entry

Illegal entry is the act of foreign nationals arriving in or crossing the borders into a country in violation of its immigration law. Human smuggling is the practice of intermediaries aiding undocumented migrants in crossing international borders ...

Illegal immigration

Illegal immigration refers to the migration of people into a country in violation of the immigration laws of that country, or the continued residence of people without the legal right to live in that country. Illegal immigration tends to be finan ...

Impersonator

An impersonator is someone who imitates or copies the behavior or actions of another. There are many reasons for impersonating someone: Sowing discord, causing people to fight, or dislike each other for social, business or political gain. Decoys, ...

Indictable offence

In many common law jurisdictions, an indictable offence is an offence which can only be tried on an indictment after a preliminary hearing to determine whether there is a prima facie case to answer or by a grand jury. In the United States, a crim ...

Inside job

An inside job is a crime, usually larceny, robbery or embezzlement, committed by a person with a position of trust who is authorized to access a location or procedure with little or no supervision, e.g., a key employee or manager. The perpetrator ...

Insurance fraud

Insurance fraud is any act committed to defraud an insurance process. This occurs when a claimant attempts to obtain some benefit or advantage they are not entitled to, or when an insurer knowingly denies some benefit that is due. According to th ...

Intimidation

Intimidation is intentional behavior that "would cause a person of ordinary sensibilities" to fear injury or harm. It is not necessary to prove that the behavior was so violent as to cause mean terror or that the victim was actually frightened. T ...

Jaywalking

The word jaywalk is not historically neutral. It is a compound word derived from the word jay, an inexperienced person and a curse word that originated in the early 1900s, and walk. No historical evidence supports an alternative folk etymology by ...

Jury tampering

Jury tampering is the crime of unduly attempting to influence the composition and/or decisions of a jury during the course of a trial. The means by which this crime could be perpetrated can include attempting to discredit potential jurors to ensu ...

Laws against Holocaust denial

Holocaust denial, the denial of the systematic genocidal killing of approximately six million Jews in Europe by Nazi Germany in the 1930s and 1940s, is illegal in 16 European countries and Israel. Many countries also have broader laws that crimin ...

Lese-majeste

Lese-majeste, a French term meaning "to do wrong to majesty", is an offence against the dignity of a reigning sovereign or against a state. This behaviour was first classified as a criminal offence against the dignity of the Roman Republic of anc ...

Live streaming crime

The live streaming of crimes is a phenomenon in which people live stream criminal acts. Due to the fact publishing to social media is done with the intent of others viewing the published materials, it is often impossible to protect the privacy of ...