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Dodoth Morning

Dodoth Morning is a 1976 film by ethnographic filmmaker Tim Asch. A documentary film that follows a morning in the life of a family of the Dodoth people in northeast Uganda in 1961. This film features a time when too much rain threatened to rot t ...

Dual inheritance theory

Dual inheritance theory, also known as gene–culture coevolution or biocultural evolution, was developed in the 1960s through early 1980s to explain how human behavior is a product of two different and interacting evolutionary processes: genetic e ...

Effective group decision-making

Developed in the 1990s by John G. Oetzel it focuses on decision-making within groups integrating also the Vigilant Interaction Theory Hirokawa and Rost as well as the Face Negotiation Theory by Ting-Toomey. It takes the influence of culture on gr ...

Environmental anthropology

Environmental anthropology is a sub-specialty within the field of anthropology that takes an active role in examining the relationships between humans and their environment across space and time.

Ethnography

Ethnography is defined as an illuminative account of social life and culture in a particular social system based on multiple detailed observations of what people actually do in the social setting being observed. Ethnographers use both qualitative ...

Ethnology

Ethnology is the branch of anthropology that compares and analyzes the characteristics of different peoples and the relationships between them.

"Holy."

Holy.! is an exclamation of surprise used mostly in English-speaking countries. Robin of the Batman TV series is noted for his many catchphrase "Holy." exclamations. The lines in the 1960s TV series were uttered by Burt Ward who played Robin, who ...

Fieldwork Under Fire

Fieldwork Under Fire: Contemporary Studies of Violence and Survival is a book length collection of recorded experiences ; each of which was contributed by an anthropologist who had to strategize and innovate, while directly living through the emo ...

Folk process

In the study of folklore, the folk process is the way folk material, especially stories, music, and other art, is transformed and re-adapted in the process of its transmission from person to person and from generation to generation. The folk proc ...

For Want of a Nail

For Want of a Nail is a proverb, having numerous variations over several centuries, reminding that seemingly unimportant acts or omissions can have grave and unforeseen consequences.

Gavari

Each year, bhopa shamans from Mewars Bhil communities petition the Goddess to permit their villagers to perform the Gavari ritual and to accompany them for the weeks of touring. The average wait time for her consent is about 4–5 years, and once t ...

Geophagia

Geophagia, also known as geophagy, is the practice of eating earth or soil-like substrates such as clay or chalk. It occurs in non-human animals where it may be a normal or abnormal behaviour, and also in humans, most often in rural or preindustr ...

Global nomad

A global nomad, or glomad, is a person who is living a mobile and international lifestyle. Global nomads aim to live location-independently, seeking detachment from particular geographical locations and the idea of territorial belonging.

Guilt-Shame-Fear spectrum of cultures

In cultural anthropology, the distinction between a guilt society, shame society, and a fear society has been used to categorize different cultures. The differences can apply to how behavior is governed with respect to government laws, business r ...

Matrilocal residence

In social anthropology, matrilocal residence or matrilocality is the societal system in which a married couple resides with or near the wifes parents. Thus, the female offspring of a mother remain living in the mothers house, thereby forming larg ...

Hayandose

Hayandose is a cultural category used to express membership and belonging among Zapotec migrants, described by cultural anthropologist Lourdes Gutierrez-Najera. Hayandose entails a process of creating ethnically-marked spaces among migrants in an ...

Hellenic studies

Hellenic Studies is an interdisciplinary scholarly field that focuses on the language, literature, history and politics of post-classical Greece. In university, a wide range of courses, expose students to a viewpoints that help them understand th ...

Hospitality

Hospitality is the relationship between a guest and a host, wherein the host receives the guest with goodwill, including the reception and entertainment of guests, visitors, or strangers. Louis, chevalier de Jaucourt describes hospitality in the ...

Human placentophagy

Human placentophagy, or consumption of the placenta, is defined as "the ingestion of a human placenta postpartum, at any time, by any person, either in raw or altered form". Numerous historical occurrences of placentophagy have been recorded thro ...

Hussaini Brahmin

Hussaini Brahmin is a Mohyal community with links to Hinduism only. The Mohyal community is Hindu by identity, however, as consistent with the Hindu tradition, they have adopted none-Indic traditions. This has led to a small sub-set of the Moyhal ...

Intangible cultural heritage

An intangible cultural heritage is a practice, representation, expression, knowledge, or skill considered by UNESCO to be part of a places cultural heritage; it comprises "nonphysical intellectual property, such as folklore, customs, beliefs, tra ...

Intercultural competence

Intercultural competence is a range of cognitive, affective, and behavioural skills that lead to effective and appropriate communication with people of other cultures. Effective intercultural communication relates to behaviors that culminate with ...

Kapu

Kapu is the ancient Hawaiian code of conduct of laws and regulations. The kapu system was universal in lifestyle, gender roles, politics and religion. An offense that was kapu was often a capital offense, but also often denoted a threat to spirit ...

Kula ring

Kula, also known as the Kula exchange or Kularing, is a ceremonial exchange system conducted in the Milne Bay Province of Papua New Guinea. The Kula ring was made famous by the father of modern anthropology, Bronislaw Malinowski, who used this te ...

Leveling mechanism

In cultural anthropology, a leveling mechanism is a practice that acts to ensure social equality, usually by shaming or humbling members of a group that attempt to put themselves above other members. One commonly given example of a leveling mecha ...

Lifeway

The field of sociology also adopted the word lifeway, with one sociologist explaining that "the definition of status differences and the conceptualization of lifeway patterns. reflect the central significant of economic referents;" "each lifeway ...

Liminality

In anthropology, liminality is the quality of ambiguity or disorientation that occurs in the middle stage of a rite of passage, when participants no longer hold their pre-ritual status but have not yet begun the transition to the status they will ...

List of matrilineal or matrilocal societies

The following list includes societies that have been identified as matrilineal or matrilocal in ethnographic literature. "Matrilineal" means property is passed down through the maternal line on the death of the mother, not that of the father. The ...

Makapansgat pebble

The Makapansgat pebble is a 260-gram reddish-brown jasperite cobble with natural chipping and wear patterns that make it look like a crude rendition of a human face. The pebble is interesting in that it was found some distance from any possible n ...

Mana

Mana is the spiritual life force energy or healing power that permeates the universe, in the culture of the Melanesians and Polynesians. Anyone or thing can have Mana. It is a cultivation or possession of energy and power, rather than being a sou ...

Meme

A meme is an idea, behavior, or style that spreads by means of imitation from person to person within a culture - often with the aim of conveying a particular phenomenon, theme, or meaning represented by the meme. A meme acts as a unit for carryi ...

Mentifact

Mentifact is a term coined by Julian Huxley, used together with the related terms "sociofact" and "artifact" to describe how cultural traits, such as "beliefs, values, ideas", take on a life of their own spanning over generations, and are conceiv ...

Microculture

Microculture refers to the specialised subgroups, marked with their own languages, ethos and rule expectations, that permeate differentiated industrial societies. A microculture depends on the smallest units of organization – dyads, groups, or lo ...

Multimodal anthropology

Multimodal anthropology is an emerging subfield of social cultural anthropology that encompasses anthropological research and knowledge production across multiple traditional and new media platforms and practices including film, video, photograph ...

Muringa vila

Muringa vila is an international development project in Kovalam, Kerala, India, for sustainable building and income structures for the local participants. Structured after the concept of creative participation Muringa Vila integrates vital intere ...

Muted group theory

Muted group theory, created by Edwin Ardener and Shirley Ardener in 1975, is a communication theory that focuses on how marginalized groups are muted and excluded via the use of language. The main idea of MGT is that "Language serves its creators ...

Myth

Myth is a folklore genre consisting of narratives or stories that play a fundamental role in a society, such as foundational tales or origin myths. The main characters in myths are usually gods, demigods or supernatural humans. Stories of everyda ...

Nacirema

Nacirema is a term used in anthropology and sociology in relation to aspects of the behavior and society of citizens of the United States of America. The neologism attempts to create a deliberate sense of self-distancing in order that American an ...

National Centre of Research in Social and Cultural Anthropology

The National centre of research in social and cultural anthropology is an Algerian governmental research organisation in social sciences created in 1992 by the decree 92-215 of May 23. The Centre operates under the aegis of the Ministry of higher ...

National psychology

National psychology refers to the distinctive psychological make-up of particular nations, ethnic groups or peoples, and to the comparative study of those characteristics in social psychology, sociology, political science and anthropology. The as ...

Naturalistic disease theories

In medical anthropology, naturalistic disease theories are those theories, present within a culture, which explain diseases and illnesses in impersonal terms. One example of a naturalistic disease theory is the theory expressed in western medicin ...

Nature–culture divide

The nature–culture divide refers to a theoretical foundation of contemporary anthropology. Early anthropologists sought theoretical insight from the perceived tensions between nature and culture. Later, the argument became framed by the question ...

Nature, Culture and Gender

Nature, Culture and Gender is a book length social science essay collection that analyzes views that describe "nature" as inferior to "culture". Hence, the authors draw on anthropology and history to critique ideologies that, by equating women wi ...

Neolocal residence

Neolocal residence is a type of post-marital residence in which a newly married couple resides separately from both the husbands natal household and the wifes natal household. Neolocal residence forms the basis of most developed nations, especial ...

Nocebo

A nocebo effect is said to occur when negative expectations of the patient regarding a treatment cause the treatment to have a more negative effect than it otherwise would have. For example, when a patient anticipates a side effect of a medicatio ...

Nomad

A nomad is a member of a community without fixed habitation which regularly moves to and from the same areas. Such groups include hunter-gatherers, pastoral nomads, and tinkers or trader nomads. As of 1995 there were an estimated 30–40 million no ...

Nomadic pastoralism

Nomadic pastoralism is a form of pastoralism when livestock are herded in order to find fresh pastures on which to graze. True nomads follow an irregular pattern of movement, in contrast with transhumance where seasonal pastures are fixed. Howeve ...

Nomads of the Longbow

Nomads of the Longbow is a book by Allan R Holmberg, an anthropologist who studied Peruvian and other South American indigenous peoples. The book concerns itself with the indigenous Bolivians, the Siriono people, whom he determined to be rather b ...

Oikofobie. De angst voor het eigene

Oikofobie. De angst voor het eigene is a 2013 Dutch book written by Thierry Baudet. In the book Baudet follows Roger Scrutons criticism on cultural relativism and multiculturalism. Baudets comes up with the word Oikophobia and explains this as a ...

Orality

Orality is thought and verbal expression in societies where the technologies of literacy are unfamiliar to most of the population. The study of orality is closely allied to the study of oral tradition. The term" orality” has been used in a variet ...

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