Blog page 451

Plato's five regimes

Philosopher Plato discusses five types of regimes. They are Aristocracy, Timocracy, Oligarchy, Democracy, and Tyranny. Plato also assigns a man to each of these regimes to illustrate what they stand for. The tyrannical man would represent Tyranny ...

Plutocracy

A plutocracy or plutarchy is a society that is ruled or controlled by people of great wealth or income. The first known use of the term in English dates from 1631. Unlike systems such as democracy, capitalism, socialism or anarchism, plutocracy i ...

Police state

A police state is a government that exercises power arbitrarily through the power of the police force. Originally, a police state was a state regulated by a civil administration, but since the beginning of the 20th century it has "taken on an emo ...

Political institutions of ancient Rome

Various lists regarding the political institutions of ancient Rome are presented. Each entry in a list is a link to a separate article. Categories included are: constitutions, laws, and legislatures ; state offices and office holders ; political ...

Political union

A political union is a type of state which is composed of or created out of smaller states. The process of creating such a state out of smaller states is called unification. Unification of states that used to be together and are reuniting is refe ...

Pontificate

Pontificate is the form of government used in Vatican City. The word came to English from French and simply means Papacy or To perform the functions of the Pope or other high official in the Church. Since there is only one Bishop of Rome, or Pope ...

Pornocracy

Pornocracy is a government ruled by prostitutes or by corrupt officials. Pornocracy may also refer to: Pornocrates, a Flemish painting referred to as Pornocracy Saeculum obscurum, a period in the Catholic church often referred to as Pornocracy An ...

Presidential system

A presidential system is a democratic and republican government in which a head of government leads an executive branch that is separate from the legislative branch. This head of government is in most cases also the head of state, which is called ...

Principality

A principality can either be a monarchical feudatory or a sovereign state, ruled or reigned over by a monarch with the title of prince or by a monarch with another title considered to fall under the generic meaning of the term prince.

Proprietary community

A community is distinguished from a loose group of individuals by an integrative system of organization that establishes both individual, private resources and common, public resources, and that organizes the activities required for the community ...

Puppet state

A puppet state, puppet regime or puppet government, is a state that is de jure independent but de facto completely dependent upon an outside power and completely submits to their orders. Puppet states have nominal sovereignty, but a foreign or ot ...

Commonwealth

A commonwealth is a traditional English term for a political community founded for the common good. Historically it has sometimes been synonymous with "republic". The noun "commonwealth", meaning "public welfare general good or advantage", dates ...

Rechtsstaat

Rechtsstaat is a doctrine in continental European legal thinking, originating in German jurisprudence. It can be translated into English as "rule of law", alternatively "legal state", "state of law", "state of justice", "state of rights", or "sta ...

Regional state

A regional state or a regionalised unitary state, is a unitary state in which authority has been decentralized to subnational regions. This term has yet to become widely used. One such example of a state is the United Kingdom, where Wales, Scotla ...

Republic

A republic is a form of government in which the country is considered a "public matter", not the private concern or property of the rulers. The primary positions of power within a republic are attained, through democracy, oligarchy, autocracy, or ...

Republican empire

A republican empire is a form of government in which a country governed as a republic transitions into an empire. Examples of this process include the First French Republic, which became the First French Empire, as well as the Dutch Republic, whi ...

Right-wing dictatorship

A right-wing dictatorship is an authoritarian regime whose policy could be called right-wing. There are various definitions of the term "rightist", the most common being "conservative" or "reactionary". Those are often to some degree pro-market i ...

Rule by decree

Rule by decree is a style of governance allowing quick, unchallenged promulgation of law by a single person or group, and is used primarily by dictators, absolute monarchs and military leaders. The expression is also sometimes used when describin ...

Rule of law

The rule of law is defined in the Oxford English Dictionary as: "The authority and influence of law in society, especially when viewed as a constraint on individual and institutional behavior; the principle whereby all members of a society are co ...

Rump state

A rump state is the remnant of a once much larger state, left with a reduced territory in the wake of secession, annexation, occupation, decolonization, or a successful coup detat or revolution on part of its former territory. In the latter case, ...

Scientocracy

Peter A. Ubel, an American physician, is a proponent of scientocracy. In an article titled "Scientocracy: Policy making that reflects human nature", he writes, "When I talk about Scientocracy, then, Im not talking about a world ruled by behaviora ...

Sectarian democracy

Sectarian democracies are multiethnic/multifactional countries where the ethnic group with the greatest power has a democratic government that does not allow minorities to participate in the democratic process of that nation.There are several cou ...

Self-governance

Self-governance, self-government, or self-rule is the ability of a group or individual to exercise all necessary functions of regulation without intervention from an external authority. It may refer to personal conduct or to any form of instituti ...

Semi-democracy

The term semi-democracy is used to refer to a state that shares both democratic and authoritarian features. The term "semi-democratic" is reserved for stable regimes that combine democratic and authoritarian elements.

Semi-parliamentary system

Semi-parliamentary system can refer to either a prime-ministerial system, in which voters simultaneously vote for both members of legislature and the prime minister, or to a system of government in which the legislature is split into two parts th ...

Semi-presidential system

A semi-presidential system or dual executive system is a system of government in which a president exists alongside a prime minister and a cabinet, with the latter being responsible to the legislature of the state. It differs from a parliamentary ...

Shadow government (conspiracy)

The shadow government is a family of conspiracy theories based on the notion that real and actual political power resides not with publicly elected representatives but with private individuals who are exercising power behind the scenes, beyond th ...

Socialist state

A socialist state, socialist republic, or socialist country, sometimes referred to as a workers state or workers republic, is a sovereign state constitutionally dedicated to the establishment of socialism. The term communist state is often used i ...

Sociocracy

Sociocracy, also known as dynamic governance, is a system of governance which seeks to achieve solutions that create harmonious social environments as well as productive organizations and businesses. It is distinguished by the use of consent rath ...

Soviet democracy

Soviet democracy is a political system in which the rule of the population by directly elected soviets is exercised. The councils are directly responsible to their electors and bound by their instructions using delegate model of representation. S ...

Soviet republic (system of government)

A soviet republic is a republic in which the government is formed of soviets and politics are based on soviet democracy. Although the term is usually associated with Soviet member-states, it was not initially used to represent the political organ ...

State collapse

State collapse, breakdown, or downfall is the complete failure of a mode of government within a sovereign state. Sometimes this brings about a failed state, as in Somalia and the final decade of Yugoslavia. More often, there is an immediate proce ...

Stratocracy

A stratocracy is a form of government headed by military chiefs. Citizens with mandatory or voluntary military service, or veterans who have been honorably discharged, have the right to elect or govern. The militarys administrative, judiciary, an ...

Sultanism

In political science, sultanism is a form of authoritarian government characterized by the extreme personal presence of the ruler in all elements of governance. The ruler may or may not be present in economic or social life, and thus there may be ...

Superstate

A superstate is defined as "a large and powerful state formed when several smaller countries unite" or "A large and powerful state formed from a federation or union of nations". This is distinct from the concept of superpower, although these are ...

Technocracy

Technocracy is an ideological system of governance in which decision-makers are selected on the basis of their expertise in a given area of responsibility, particularly with regard to scientific or technical knowledge. This system explicitly cont ...

Tellurocracy

Tellurocracy is a type of civilization or state system that is clearly associated with the development of land territories and consistent penetration into inland territories. Tellurocratic states have a certain territory and the state-forming eth ...

Territorial state

The term territorial state is used to refer to a state, typical of the High Middle Ages, since around 1000 AD, and "other large-scale complex organizations that attained size, stability, capacity, efficiency, and territorial reach not seen since ...

Tetrarchy

The Tetrarchy is the term adopted to describe the system of government of the ancient Roman Empire instituted by Roman Emperor Diocletian in 293, marking the end of the Crisis of the Third Century and the recovery of the Roman Empire. This tetrar ...

Theodemocracy

Theodemocracy is a theocratic political system propounded by Joseph Smith, founder of the Latter Day Saint movement. According to Smith, a theodemocracy is a fusion of traditional republican democratic principles - under the United States Constit ...

Timocracy

A timocracy in Aristotles Politics is a state where only property owners may participate in government. The more extreme forms of timocracy, where power derives entirely from wealth with no regard for social or civic responsibility, may shift in ...

Totalitarianism

Totalitarianism is a political system or a form of government that prohibits opposition parties, restricts individual opposition to the state and its claims, and exercises an extremely high degree of control over public and private life. It is re ...

Tribalism

Tribalism is the state of being organized by, or advocating for, tribes or tribal lifestyles. Human evolution has primarily occurred in small groups, as opposed to mass societies, and humans naturally maintain a social network. In popular culture ...

Unitary parliamentary republic

A unitary parliamentary republic refers to a unitary state with a republican form of government in which the political power is vested in and entrusted to the parliament with confidence by its electorate.

Unitary state

A unitary state is a state governed as a single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme. The central government may create administrative divisions. Such units exercise only the powers that the central government chooses to de ...

Unrechtsstaat

The term Unrechtsstaat is a pejorative used to refer to a valid state that is not a Rechtsstaat ; hence a constitutional state in which the exercise of major aspects of governmental power is not constrained by the law. It is used not only as a ju ...

Vetocracy

A vetocracy is a dysfunctional system of governance whereby no single entity can acquire enough power to make decisions and take effective charge. The term points to an excessive ability or willingness to use the veto power within a government or ...

World government

World government, global government or cosmocracy is the concept of a common political authority for all of humanity, giving way to a global government and a single state or polity with jurisdiction over the entire world. Such a government could ...

Austria (typeface)

Austria was the typeface formerly used on all official road signage in Austria made prior to 2010. A modified version of its German counterpart DIN 1451, it came in narrow- and medium-width fonts. Since 2010 it has been replaced on all new road s ...

Brusseline

Brusseline is a custom typeface developed in 2006 by Eric de Berranger for the signage of the Brussels public transport network managing metro, pre-metro and trams. The typeface started being used on the network in 2007 as part of company image c ...

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