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Situational strength

Situational strength is defined as cues provided by environmental forces regarding the desirability of potential behaviors. Situational strength is said to result in psychological pressure on the individual to engage in and/or refrain from partic ...

Social and behavior change communication

Social and behavior change communication, often also only BCC or Communication for Development is an interactive process of any intervention with individuals, group or community to develop communication strategies to promote positive behaviors wh ...

Social and Behavioral Sciences Team

The Social and Behavioral Sciences Team was established in the US by Executive Order #13707 on September 15, 2015. The Social and Behavioral Sciences Team was a group of experts in applied behavioral science that translated findings and methods f ...

Social psychology

Social psychology is the scientific study of how peoples thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by the actual, imagined or implied presence of others. In this definition, scientific refers to the empirical investigation using the scient ...

Social psychology (sociology)

In sociology, social psychology, also known as sociological social psychology or microsociology, is an area of sociology that focuses on social actions and on interrelations of personality, values, and mind with social structure and culture. Some ...

Sociophysiology

Sociophysiology is the "interplay between society and physical functioning" involving "collaboration of two neighboring sciences: physiology and sociology". In other words, sociophysiology is physiological sociology, a special science that studie ...

T-maze

In behavioral science, a T-maze is a simple maze used in animal cognition experiments. It is shaped like the letter T, providing the subject, typically a rodent, with a straightforward choice. T-mazes are used to study how the rodents function wi ...

Virginia Durr Moment

Virginia Durr Moment is a phrase originating in developmental psychology which refers to an experience and "triggering event" which can foster the moral development of an individual. Characteristic of the experience is a serious challenge to an i ...

Workplace listening

Workplace listening is a type of active listening that is generally employed in a professional environment. Listening skills are imperative for career success, organizational effectiveness, and worker satisfaction. Workplace listening includes un ...

Outline of psychology

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to psychology: Psychology is the science of behavior and mental processes. Its immediate goal is to understand individuals and groups by both establishing general principles an ...

Acting in

Acting in is a psychological term which has been given various meanings over the years, but which is most generally used in opposition to acting out to cover conflicts which are brought to life inside therapy, as opposed to outside. One commentat ...

Affect regulation

Affect regulation and affect regulation theory are important concepts in psychiatry and psychology and in close relation with emotion regulation. However, the latter is a reflection of an individuals mood status rather than their affect. Affect r ...

Boundary extension

Boundary extension is a cognitive psychology phenomenon and an error of commission in which people remember more of a scene or boundary than was originally present in the original picture. Boundary extension is typically studied using a recogniti ...

Closing time effect

Closing time effect refers to the phenomenon that peoples perception of other peoples attractiveness increases as it gets later into the night. This observation was first coined by Mickey Gilley in his song, "Dont the Girls All Get Prettier at Cl ...

Counterwill

Counterwill is a psychological term that means instinctive resistance to any sense of coercion. The term was first used by Austrian psychoanalyst Otto Rank and has been popularized by developmental psychologist Gordon Neufeld. In Neufelds model, ...

Daimonic

The idea of the daimonic typically means quite a few things: from befitting a demon and fiendish, to be motivated by a spiritual force or genius and inspired. As a psychological term, it has come to represent an elemental force which contains an ...

Distancing language

Distancing language is phrasing used by a person to psychologically "distance" themselves from a statement. It is used in an effort to separate a particular topic, idea, discussion, or group from their own personal identity for the purpose of sel ...

Distress tolerance

Distress tolerance is an emerging construct in psychology that has been conceptualized in several different ways. Broadly, however, it refers to an individuals "perceived capacity to withstand negative emotional and/or other aversive states, and ...

EuroPsy

EuroPsy is a professional qualification, which is setting standards of education, training and competence for psychologists. There is a Basic EuroPsy Certificate that presents a benchmark for independent practice and that can be issued to a psych ...

Future orientation

Future orientation is broadly defined as the extent to which an individual thinks about the future, anticipates future consequences, and plans ahead before acting. Across development, future orientation is particularly important during periods of ...

Goal pursuit

Gollwitzer and Brandstatter 1997 define four phases of goal pursuit as actional "bringing goal-directed actions to a successful ending", and preactional "promoting the initiation of goal-directed actions", predecisional "setting preferences betwe ...

Humor styles

Humor styles are a topic of research in the field of personality psychology related to the ways in which individuals differ in their use of humor in everyday life. People of all ages and backgrounds engage in humor, but the way they use it can va ...

JUPA Psychology Proficiency Test

JUPA Psychology Proficiency Test is a test designed to measure the knowledge of psychology by Japanese Union of Psychological Association. JUPA Psychology Proficiency Test was firstly held 2008, and as 2018, the examination will be held at 14 dif ...

Liking gap

The liking gap is the gap between how much we think another person likes us and how much they actually like us. The current studies have found that most people underestimated how much another person liked them and enjoyed their company. This diff ...

Macrostructure (psychology)

In the psychology of discourse processing, it is assumed that language users typically have better memory for the macrostructures than for the microstructures of discourse. Essentially, people tend to remember overall topics or the gist of a news ...

Maximization (psychology)

Maximization is a style of decision-making characterized by seeking the best option through an exhaustive search through alternatives. It is contrasted with satisficing, in which individuals evaluate options until they find one that is "good enough".

Negative mental capital

Negative mental capital, like positive mental capital, is related to habit formation. According to Ho "When a bad habit is formed, it becomes a negative mental capital that keeps undermining our wellbeing, because we would then effectively lose c ...

Perceived control

Perceived control can be defined as the belief that one sees he or she has control over their inside state, behaviors and the place or people or things or feelings or activities surrounding a person. There are two important dimensions: whether th ...

Prefrontal synthesis

Prefrontal synthesis is the conscious purposeful process of synthesizing novel mental images. PFS is neurologically different from the other types of imagination, such as simple memory recall and dreaming. Unlike dreaming, which is spontaneous an ...

Psychological and sociological effects of spaceflight

Psychological and sociological effects of space flight are important to understanding how to successfully achieve the goals of long-duration expeditionary missions. Although robotic spacecraft have landed on Mars, plans have also been discussed f ...

Psychologist

A psychologist studies normal and abnormal mental states, perceptual, cognitive, emotional, and social processes and behavior by experimenting with, and observing, interpreting, and recording how individuals relate to one another and to their env ...

Psychology & Developing Societies

Psychology and Developing Societies is a peer reviewed journal. This is a forum for discussion for psychologists from different parts of the world concerned with the problems of developing societies. PDS provides information in different areas of ...

Psychology, philosophy and physiology

Psychology, philosophy and physiology was a degree at the University of Oxford. It was Oxfords first psychology degree, beginning in 1947, but admitted its last students in October 2010. It has been, in part, replaced by philosophy, psychology an ...

PsychOpen

PsychOpen is a European Open-Access publishing platform for Psychology operated by the research support organization Leibniz Institute for Psychology Information, which combines traditional scientific and Internet-based publishing. PsychOpen aims ...

The seven-year itch

The seven-year itch is a psychological term that suggests that happiness in a relationship declines after around year seven of a marriage. The phrase originated as a name for irritating and contagious skin complaints of a long duration. Examples ...

Sex differences in emotional intelligence

Emotional intelligence involves using cognitive and emotional abilities to function in interpersonal relationships, social groups as well as manage ones emotional states. It consists of abilities such as social cognition, empathy and reasoning ab ...

Spontaneous conception (psychology)

In psychology, spontaneous conception refers to conceptions about the world that we form without any formal education. Often these are connected with physics. They may be wrong concepts, like "heavier objects fall faster" or "bigger objects are h ...

Political abuse

Abuse is the improper usage or treatment of a thing, often to unfairly or improperly gain benefit. Abuse can come in many forms, such as: physical or verbal maltreatment, injury, assault, violation, rape, unjust practices, crimes, or other types ...

Abuse of power

Abuse of power or abuse of authority, in the form of "malfeasance in office" or "official misconduct", is the commission of an unlawful act, done in an official capacity, which affects the performance of official duties. Malfeasance in office is ...

Abuse of process

Abuse of process is a cause of action in tort arising from one party misusing or perverting regularly issued court process not justified by the underlying legal action. It is a common law intentional tort. It is to be distinguished from malicious ...

Abuse prevention program

An abuse prevention program is a social program designed to help parents and teachers recognize the signs of violence in an abused child and teaches how to explain abuse protection to them. These programs also help children in establishing self-e ...

Abusive power and control

Abusive power and control is the way that an abusive person gains and maintains power and control over another person in order to subject that victim to psychological, physical, sexual, or financial abuse. The motivations of the abuser are varied ...

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