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Son assault demesne

Son assault demesne, or "his own first assault," is a form of a plea to justify an assault and battery, by which the defendant asserts that the plaintiff committed an assault upon him, and the defendant merely defended himself. When the plea is s ...

Southern African Litigation Centre

The Southern Africa Litigation Centre or SALC is a non-profit organization based in Johannesburg, South Africa which supports human rights lawyers in Southern Africa countries with expert legal advice, technical support and funding. The SALC was ...

Southmayd Professor of Law

The Charles F. Southmayd Professorship at the Yale Law School was established in 1913 by a gift in memory of Charles F. Southmayd, LL.D. 1884, from his sister, Emily F. Southmayd. Scott J. Shapiro is the current Charles F. Southmayd Professor of ...

Special administrator

A Special administrator is a court-appointed person who administrates a court-defined part of an estate during probate. A special administrator with expertise in automobiles, for example, would administrate the probate of the deceaseds car collec ...

Special court

For information on the Polish Courts of World War II, see Special Courts. For information on the Nazi special courts during the same period, see Sondergerichte. A special court is a court with limited jurisdiction, that deals with a particular fi ...

Special law

A special law, or qualified majority law, is a type of legislation in Belgium which requires a qualified majority in both chambers of the bicameral Belgian Federal Parliament to be adopted, amended or repealed. The Belgian Constitution determines ...

Special Narcotics Prosecutor for the City of New York

The Special Narcotics Prosecutor for the City of New York is a city-wide position appointed by the five county district attorneys of New York City. The office is responsible for the prosecution of felony violations of narcotics laws within New Yo ...

Specific devise

A specific devise is a devise of a certain piece of real estate to a certain person or persons. It is like a specific legacy, but is limited to real estate. Furthermore, the testator intends for that very particular item and only that item to sat ...

Specimen charges

A specimen charge is a type of criminal charge that can be made under the United Kingdoms legal system. It can be made when an individual is being charged with numerous violations of the same offence. It is used to simplify charging the person, a ...

Speculative damages

Speculative damages are damages claimed by a plaintiff for losses that may occur in the future, but are highly improbable. They can not be used as a basis for recovery in tort or contract cases. Example: A plaintiff claims the tortfeasors failure ...

Stair Memorial Encyclopaedia

The Laws of Scotland: Stair Memorial Encyclopaedia is an encyclopaedia of law in Scotland. It incorporates law derived from every source and, while concentrating on the specialities of Scots law, it also covers law common to the whole of the Unit ...

State liability

State liability is the legal liability of a state. The term usually refers to the liability of a sovereign state to another international actor under international law. It may also refer to the liability of an organ of state or public authority i ...

Statement against interest

In United States law, a statement against interest is a statement made by a person which places them in a less advantageous position than if they had not made the statement and is, as a consequence, deemed credible as evidence. For example, if a ...

Status (law)

Legal status is the position held by something or someone with regard to law. It is a set of privileges, obligations, powers or restrictions that a person or thing has which are encompassed in or declared by legislation.

Status conference

A status conference is a court-ordered meeting with a judge where they decide the date of the trial or to get updated information on a defendant for ongoing conditions, set forth previously by the courts such as house arrest or home monitoring. I ...

Statute of the Court of Justice of the European Union

The Statute of the Court of Justice of the European Union contains the main EU law rules on how the Court of Justice of the European Union should function.

Statutory damages for copyright infringement

Statutory damages for copyright infringement are available under some countries copyright laws. The charges allow copyright holders, who succeed with claims of infringement, to receive an amount of compensation per work as opposed to compensation ...

Statutory holdback

Statutory holdback or contract holdback is the legal requirement found in most common law jurisdictions contract law that requires an owner engaging a contractor to hold a particular percentage of payment for a stipulated length of time. This is ...

Stick licensing

Stick licensing is the practice of licensing a patent or other form of intellectual property where the patent holder threatens to sue the licensee for patent infringement if the licensee does not take a license. In contrast to the stick licensing ...

Stovin v Wise

Stovin v Wise UKHL 15 is an English tort law case about a highway authoritys liability in negligence. The majority speech of Lord Hoffmann contains important principles about omissions liability and the liability of public authorities.

Frederick Stroud

Frederick Stroud, barrister and Recorder of Tewkesbury, son of John Stroud of Cheltenham, was born at Cheltenham on 17 October 1835. He was educated at Cheltenham. He was admitted a solicitor in 1863, taking honours at the examination. He was cal ...

Subordination agreement

A subordination agreement is a legal document used to make the claim of one party junior to a claim in favor of another. It is generally used to grant first lien status to a lienholder who would otherwise be secondary to another party, with the a ...

Succession Act, 1965

The Succession Act, 1965 in Irish law was intended to provide for the surviving spouse of the deceased if the deceased was intestate or specified a less than equitable share of the estate. Up to then, Irish citizens could apportion their estate a ...

Summa Parisiensis

The Summa Parisiensis is an anonymous commentary on the Decretum Gratiani from about 1170. The Decretum Gratiani or Concordia discordantium canonum is a collection of Catholic Church Canon law compiled and written in the 12th century as a legal t ...

Supernumerary judge

A supernumerary judge or supernumerary magistrates is a judge who has retired from their full-time position on a court, but continues to work on a part-time basis. Generally, when a judge becomes supernumerary a vacancy is created, and the approp ...

Supreme Court of Haiti

The Supreme Court of Haiti is the highest court in the Haitian legal system. The Supreme Court building is located in Port-au-Prince.

Supreme Court of Vanuatu

Supreme Court of Vanuatu is the superior court of Vanuatu and is based in Port Vila. The Court consists of the Chief Justice and three puisne judges. Appeals from the Supreme Court are heard by the Court of Appeal of Vanuatu, which is the supreme ...

Syllabus (legal)

Most legal opinions begin with a syllabus, a paragraph that lists the laws used in the determination. While the syllabi act as summaries of the cases, they are not considered to be part of the actual decisions. Thus, future cases cannot cite them ...

Table of authorities

A table of authorities is part of a legal brief that contains an index of the cases, statutes, and secondary sources cited. This article deals specifically with the characteristics of tables of authorities in the United States. The table of autho ...

Etuate Tavai

Etuate Tavai served as Attorney General of Fiji from 1996 to 1999. He also served as a Senator. In this capacity he refused to legalize same-sex marriage and other homosexual relationships.

Taxable wages

Taxable wages, in payroll, is the sum of all earnings by an employee that are eligible for a particular type of tax. Each tax is different and has different regulations about limits to the amount of wages that can be considered taxable with respe ...

Temporary licence

Temporary licence, formally called release on temporary licence and also informally known as temporary release, is a form of temporary parole for prisoners in jail in English and Welsh prisons. ROTL is divided into three categories: compassionate ...

Temporary resident

A temporary resident is a foreign national granted the right to stay in a country for a certain length of time, without full citizenship. This may be for study, business, or other reasons. Various countries have their own rules or policies relati ...

Ten Abominations

The Ten Abominations were a list of offenses under traditional Chinese law which were regarded as the most abhorrent, and which threatened the well-being of civilized society. They are listed below. The first three were capital offences: Depravit ...

Tenant-right

Tenant-right is a term in the common law system expressing the right to compensation which a tenant has, either by custom or by law, against his landlord for improvements at the termination of his tenancy. In England, it is governed for the most ...

Tennessee Heritage Protection Act

The Tennessee Heritage Protection Act was enacted in 2013, and amended in 2016 and 2018. It prohibits the removal, relocation, or renaming of a memorial that is, or is located on, public property without permission. Permission requires a two-thir ...

Terry v Persons Unknown

John Terry v Persons Unknown EWHC 119 was a 2010 legal case in which the Premiership and England footballer John Terry was not granted a super-injunction to prevent the tabloid newspaper the News of the World publishing a story about his private ...

Theft by finding

Theft by finding occurs when someone chances upon an object which seems abandoned and takes possession of the object but fails to take steps to establish whether the object is genuinely abandoned and not merely lost or unattended. In some jurisdi ...

Third line forcing

Third line forcing is a form of exclusive dealing involving the supply of goods or services on the condition that the purchaser buys goods or services from a particular third party, or a refusal to supply because the purchaser will not agree to t ...

Three Supremes

The Three Supremes is a doctrine first articulated by CPC General secretary, Chinese president Hu Jintao in December 2007, which requires the judiciary to subordinate the written law to the interests of the Communist Party of China and the mainte ...

Tools of trade

The tools of trade are items that are exempt from attachment under bankruptcy law or from seizure. The exemption exists in many jurisdictions. For examples: In the United States, the Bankruptcy Code USC 2 §522f exempts implements, professional bo ...

Toward a Fair Use Standard

Toward a Fair Use Standard ", 103 Harv. L. Rev. 1105, is a 1990 law review article on the fair use doctrine in US copyright law, written by then-District Court Judge Pierre N. Leval. The article argued that the most critical element of the fair u ...

Trademark examiner

A trademark examining attorney is an attorney employed by a government entity such as the United States Patent and Trademark Office to determine whether an applicant should be permitted to receive a trademark registration, thus affording legal pr ...

Transaction document

Transaction documents refers to legally relevant documents that are either printed, inserted and mailed, or electronically presented. They consist of a mixture of fixed and variable data. These documents are usually created by organizations throu ...

Trust law in civil law jurisdictions

Trust law is not part of most civil law jurisdictions, but is a common figure in most common law system. Trust law enters civilian jurisdictions through conflict of law arrangements recognizing it as a matter of private international law and has ...

Truth (NZ) Ltd v Holloway

Truth Ltd v Holloway NZLR 22 is a case of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council on appeal from the Court of Appeal of New Zealand regarding the legal issue of defamation and free speech.

Tucker v News Media Ownership Ltd

Tucker v News Media Ownership Ltd HC Wellington CP477/86 2 NZLR 716 is a cited case in New Zealand regarding claims for breach of privacy and infliction of emotional distress

Turkish Bars Association

The Turkish Bars Association or Turkiye Barolar Birliği is an organisation for Turkish lawyers, uniting over 60.000 lawyers in 78 Turkish bar associations. "Individuals who are not registered with a Bar Association may not use the title Attorney ...

Ultramercial

Ultramercial, LLC is an online advertising company. The company primarily specializes in interactive advertisements, which emphasize user engagement in exchange for access to premium content, such as video, games, and public internet access. The ...

Undue hardship

An undue hardship is special or specified circumstances that partially or fully exempt a person or organization from performance of a legal obligation so as to avoid an unreasonable or disproportionate burden or obstacle. For example, employers a ...

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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