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Active citizenship

Active citizenship refers to a philosophy espoused by organizations and educational institutions which advocates that members of charitable organizations, companies or nation-states have certain roles and responsibilities to society and the environment, although those members may not have specific governing roles.


Civics derives from the Latin word civicus, meaning "relating to a citizen", and the Latin civica, a garland of oak leaves worn about the head as a crown, a practice in ancient Rome wherein someone who saved another Roman citizen from death in war was rewarded with the civica and the right to wear it. It is analogous to modern day military medals. The term itself ultimately derives from the Latin civis, meaning citizen. The English usage of civics relates to behavior affecting other citizens, particularly in the context of urban development. Civic education is the study of the theoretical, political and practical aspects of citizenship, as well as its rights and duties. It includes the study of civil law and civil code, and the study of government with attention to the role of citizens―as opposed to external factors―in the operation and oversight of government.

Anticipatory democracy

Anticipatory democracy is a theory of civics relying on democratic decision making that takes into account predictions of future events that have some credibility with the electorate. The phrase was coined by Alvin Toffler in his book Future Shock and was expanded on in the 1978 book Anticipatory Democracy, edited by Clement Bezold. Other well-known advocates of the anticipatory approach include Newt Gingrich, Heidi Toffler, K. Eric Drexler, and Robin Hanson. They all advocate approaches where the public, not just experts, participate in this "anticipation". The FutureMAP program of the Information Awareness Office program of the United States government proposed a prediction market prior to its cancellation on July 29, 2003.

Beutelsbach consensus

The Beutelsbach Consensus constitutes a kind of minimum standard of civic and religious education in Germany. It was developed in the frame of a conference at a small town called Beutelsbach to reanimate the exchange of different didactic schools after a period of deep conflicts. Until today Beutelsbach Consensus is of high importance.

Vivian Carkeek

Vivian Morgan Carkeek was an American attorney and businessman from Seattle, Washington. Born to Morgan and Emily Carkeek, one of the areas early pioneer families for whom Carkeek Park is named, Carkeek graduated from the University of Washington School of Laws inaugural class in 1901, and was a partner at the firm Carkeek, McDonald, Harris and Coryell. From 1930 to 1931 he taught at the University of Washington School of Law. Carkeek was generally recognized as one of Seattles powerful and influential civic personalities. Carkeek, like his mother and sister, was passionately interested in the history of the Seattle area, and he served briefly as president of the Seattle Historic Society, which his mother had founded in 1911, and was a founding officer of the Associates of Eighty-Nine, which was established in 1919 to perpetuate remembrance of the Great Seattle Fire. In the early 1930s he financed the acquisition of theater historian J. Willis Sayres private collection of 12.500 theatrical programs for the Seattle Public Library. Carkeek also established the "Vivian Carkeek Prize" which is annually awarded "for the best student contribution to the Washington Law Review on a point of Washington law or any point of peculiar interest to Washington attorneys".

Center for Civic Media

The MIT Center for Civic Media is a research and practical center that develops and implements tools that support political action and "the information needs of communities". Its mission reads in part: The MIT Center for Civic Media creates and deploys technical and social tools that fill the information needs of communities. We are inventors of new technologies that support and foster civic media and political action; we are a hub for the study of these technologies; and we coordinate community-based test beds both in the United States and internationally.